The dog’s behavior is difficult to predict: a pet dog can bite accidentally during a game or defending itself. Observe the precautionary rules and do not provoke the dog, especially the stranger.
The more dangerous the dog’s bite
Appearance of the bite:
Stab wounds – damage to the upper layer of the epidermis without tissue rupture;
Lacerations – a strong bite, rupture of connective and soft tissues and muscles. It is necessary to impose seams.
The main danger after a dog’s bite is a rabies infection. The virus enters the human body through a damaged area. Without treatment, rabies causes a failure of the respiratory system.
After a dog’s bite, an infection can enter the body that affects the human nervous system – tetanus. It is accompanied by cramps.
In addition to tetanus and rabies, a dog’s bite can cause:
- profuse hemorrhage – with a lacerated wound;
- blood poisoning;
- rotting of the wound;
- infections transmitted with canine saliva (E. coli);
- psychological trauma.
“Dangerous” symptoms after a dog bite
- increased lymph nodes;
- painful spasms;
- muscular breaking.
Symptoms indicate infection with an infection. The most common infection is rabies.
Symptoms of rabies:
- convulsions and aggression;
- fear of light, water and open space;
- copious salivation;
After biting a person with a dog, if symptoms appear, call an ambulance immediately or contact a herb.
First aid after a dog bite
Providing first aid with dog bites reduces the possibility of developing complications for the victim.
What to do after a dog bite:
- Immediately flush the wound with soap and water. The alkali contained in the soap disinfects the bite from bacteria and dirt.
- Carefully treat the dog’s bite with an antiseptic: iodin, peroxide of hydrogen.
- Apply a sterile bandage.
- If necessary, take pain medication and sedatives.
- Do not load the affected limb. A strong dog bite can damage the bone.
- After first aid after a dog bite, consult a doctor.
Treat a dog bite is recommended in the hospital. The doctor will take tests, if necessary – apply seams. If you are not sure that the dog is healthy, tell your doctor about a possible infection with rabies.
Proper treatment of a dog bite involves taking antibiotics. If you are allergic to penicillin, be sure to tell your doctor.
Do I need to get vaccinated?
Remember: a healthy dog is a tested dog in a veterinary clinic. In other cases, it is impossible to be sure.
When you go to the hospital you will be offered to take a shot from rabies. There is no contraindication to vaccination from a dog bite. Stings from a bite of a dog do even to the pregnant women.
The vaccine contains immunoglobulin and excipients. The injection is injected into the place of the bite and into the shoulder: only six injections are done. On the day of treatment, the first injection is made, and the other appoints the doctor.
Even after a bite, the dogs are given an injection of tetanus. If the dog was vaccinated against rabies, then a tetanus shot and a course of antibiotics will be the best treatment for a bite.
The injections from rabies and tetanus are done within eight hours after the dog’s bite.
Wounds after a dog’s bite are treated with an antiseptic in case of bandaging.
Treatment of a dog bite under the supervision of a doctor will help to avoid complications for health.
Remember the precautionary measures:
- Do not provoke a dog.
- Do not tease her while eating.
- Do not take away the puppies. The dog will protect them and throw themselves at you.
- Do not meddle with a dog that shows aggression.
When walking with children, do not let them come into contact with dogs. A dog can not only bite a child, but also frighten a loud bark.
Be careful and respect in dealing with dogs. Then this pet will become the best friend and protector.
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